Oracle Administration

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This Oracle Database Administration Training will develop the key fundamental skills necessary to be an Oracle DBA. Students will design and create a server using the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA), configure logical and physical structures, set up database and user security, add and administer users, and monitor and tune main server areas. Each student will create a toolkit of administration scripts for database management and tuning by the end of this class.

 

The course is intended for non-Oracle database administrators, application developers, and system administrators.

 

Class Goals

  • Learn to administer Oracle databases.

 

Workshop 1 (Oracle SQL and PL/SQL)

Oracle SQL and PL/SQL

PL/SQL is an imperative 3GL that was designed specifically for the seamless processing of SQL commands. It provides specific syntax for this purpose and supports exactly the same datatypes as SQL. Server-side PL/SQL is stored and compiled in Oracle Database and runs within the Oracle executable. It automatically inherits the robustness, security, and portability of Oracle Database.

 

 

Workshop 2                                                     

Overview of Oracle Database
ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID
The Oracle Database vs. The Oracle Instance
Instance Memory Structures
Background Processes
Server Processes
Datafiles
Blocks, Extents, and Segments
Control Files
Redo Logs
The Oracle Architecture
SYS and SYSTEM Users

 

Starting and Shutting Down an Oracle Database
SYSDBA and SYSOPER System Privileges
Oracle Database Startup
Oracle Database Shutdown
Altering Database Availability
Suspending and Resuming a Database
Quiescing a Database
Tracking Database Activity – The Alert Log
Data Dictionary Views for Startup and Shutdown

 

Using The Oracle Data Dictionary
Introducing the Data Dictionary
DBA, ALL, and USER Data Dictionary Views
V$ Dynamic Performance Views
Using Oracle Documentation to Locate Data Dictionary Views
Combining Data Dictionary Views

 

Oracle Database Users and Schemas
Users and Schemas
Oracle Default Database Users
Oracle Sample Schemas
Creating Users
Altering and Dropping Users
Data Dictionary Views For Users

 

Oracle System Privileges
Overview of System Privileges
Granting and Revoking System Privileges
Data Dictionary Views for System Privileges
Roles
Creating and Removing Roles
Data Dictionary Views for Roles
Predefined Roles
User Group PUBLIC

 

Parameter Files
Oracle Database Parameters
The Parameter File (PFILE) and the Server Parameter File (SPFILE)
Dynamic vs. Static Parameters
Determining Current Parameter Settings
Benefits of SPFILEs over PFILEs
Creating an SPFILE from a PFILE and Back Again
Understanding Scope
Session-Level Parameters
Data Dictionary Views for Parameters

 

Datafiles and Tablespaces
Datafiles Overview
Tablespaces Overview
SYSTEM and SYSAUX Tablespaces
Creating Tablespaces
Dictionary- and Locally Managed Tablespaces
Locally Managed Tablespace Extent Allocation
Temporary Tablespaces
Temporary Tablespace Groups
Default Tablespaces
Tablespace Quotas
Dropping and Altering a Tablespace
Renaming a Tablespace
Renaming or Relocating Datafiles
Bigfile Tablespaces
Data Dictionary Views for Datafiles and Tablespaces

 

Control Files
Control Files Overview
Database Parameters for Control Files
Backing Up Control Files
Restoring Control Files from Multiplexed Copies
Restoring Control Files from Backups
Moving Control Files
Data Dictionary Views for Control Files

 

Oracle Physical Structures — Online Redo Logs
Redo
Redo Log Files
Database Parameters for Redo
Sizing the Redo Log Files
How Many Redo Log Groups?
Creating Redo Logs
Removing Redo Logs
Renaming Redo Log Files
Forcing Log Switches
Archiving Redo Logs
Configuring Archive Log Mode
Database Parameters for Archiving
Data Dictionary Views for Redo Logs

 

Oracle Physical Structures — Undo Segments
Undo Overview
Database Parameters for Undo
Creating Undo Tablespaces
Altering and Dropping Undo Tablespaces
Switching Undo Tablespaces
Undo Advisor
Data Dictionary Views for Undo

 

Segment Space Management
Blocks, Extents and Segments
Segment Space Management
Fragmentation
Coalescing Fragmented Space
Row Migration and Chaining
Manual Segment Space Usage
Automatic Segment Space Management
Data Dictionary Views for Physical Objects

 

Tables
Tables Overview
Physical Properties of Tables
Creating Tables
Table Storage and Logging
Altering Tables
Dropping Tables
The Recycle Bin
The TRUNCATE COMMAND
Temporary Tables
Clustered Tables
Indexed-Organized Tables
Creating an IOT
Data Dictionary Views for Tables

 

Indexes
Indexes
B-tree Indexes
NULL Values and Indexes
NULL Values and Unique Indexes
Creating Indexes
Monitoring Index Usage
Dropping Indexes
Rebuilding and Moving Indexes
Coalescing Indexes
Bitmap Indexes
Special Index Types
Index Key Compression
Data Dictionary Views for Indexes

 

Constraints
Integrity Constraints
Constraint Names and Syntax
Constraint Checking
Managing Primary Key Constraints
Managing NOT NULL Constraints
Managing Check Constraints
Managing Foreign Key Constraints
Data Dictionary Views for Constraints

 

Views
Views
Creating and Replacing Views
Data Dictionary Views for Views
Security Through Views
Altering and Dropping Views
Dependencies and Views
Updating Data Through Views

 

Workshop 3                                                     

Object Privileges
Object Privileges
Granting and Revoking Object Privileges
Using WITH GRANT OPTION
Revoking and the GRANT OPTION
Data Dictionary Views for Object Privileges

 

Synonyms
Synonyms
Private and Public Synonyms
Creating and Dropping Synonyms
Security and Synonyms
Object Precedence

 

The Optimizer and Statistics
Optimizer Overview
Optimizer Statistics
Data Dictionary Views and Statistics
Collecting Statistics
Removing Statistics
Automated Statistics Collection

 

Oracle Net Services
Oracle Networking Explained
The Net Configuration Assistant
Configuring the Listener — GUI
Configuring the Listener — Manually
Configuring the Client — GUI
Configuring the Client — Manually

 

Data Pump
Oracle Data Pump Architecture
Configuring for Data Pump
Command-Line Utilities
Exporting With expdp
Importing With impdp
Interactive Mode
Attaching to a Running Job
Parallel Data Pump
Data Dictionary Views for Data Pump

 

SQL*Loader and External Tables
SQL*Loader
SQL*Loader Control File
Loading Data with SQL*Loader
Conventional vs. Direct Path Loads
External Tables Overview
Creating an External Table
Creating a Writable External Table

 

Back Up Your Database
Physical Backups vs. Logical Backups
Offline Backup Basics
Oracle Offline Backup Steps
Other Backup Considerations
Advanced Backup Concepts
RMAN

 

Recover Your Database
Offline Recovery Basics
Restoration Using Offline Backups for a NOARCHIVE Database
Restoring Other Files
Other Recovery Considerations

 

Oracle Enterprise Manager
Introducing Oracle Enterprise Manager
OEM Architecture and Physical Structure
Installing OEM When Using DBCA
Using EMCA to Install OEM
Managing OEM
Removing OEM
Troubleshooting OEM
Securing OEM
Starting OEM
Introducing the OEM Home Pages
Using OEM — Managing the Job Scheduler
Using OEM — Using Metrics, Alerts, and Thresholds
Automatic Workload Repository
The Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor — ADDM
OEM and Advisors
The SQL Access Advisor

 

Appendix A – Installing Oracle Software
Optimal Flexible Architecture
OFA Directory Layouts
The Oracle Universal Installer
OUI Installation Modes
Preparing To Install Software
Starter Database
Installing the Oracle Software
Deinstalling Oracle Software

 

Appendix B – Creating a Database Using the DBCA
The DBCA
Select a Database Template
Specify the Database Name
Set System Account Passwords
Specify File Locations
Install Sample Schemas
Security Settings
Automatic Maintenance Tasks
Specify Storage Parameters
Create Your Oracle Database
Oracle Net Configuration Assistant
Configure the Listener
Set TCP Parameters
Removing a Database with the DBCA

 

Appendix C – Manual Database Creation
Manual Database Creation
Prepare the System
Creating the Parameter File
The CREATE DATABASE Statement
Manually Create the Database
Finalizing the Creation
SQL.BSQ File
Creating the Service on Windows

 

Appendix D – Auditing the Database
Auditing Explained
Data Dictionary Views for Auditing
Audit Trail, OS, and DB

 

Class Materials

Each student in our Live Online and our Onsite classes receives a comprehensive set of materials, including course notes and all the class examples.

 

Class Prerequisites

Experience in the following areas is required:

  • Oracle SQL and PL/SQL